What does FODMAP mean?
FODMAP is an acronym derived from the English language. It is made of the words
Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols.
These words sound strange. But what do they actually mean? All of the listed words are groups of carbohydrates which we naturally find in different foods.
Oligosaccharides are multiple sugars. However, FODMAP does not refer to all types of polysaccharides, but only to certain types that the person concerned cannot digest. They often occur in pulses such as peas, beans or lentils.
Disaccharides are double sugars. We usually know them under the term of lactose, which is found in dairy products such as yoghurt, heavy cream or cheese products, but also in our sucrose, the typical sugar used for baking or sweetening.
Monosaccharides are simple sugars. With FODMAP, we usually mean fructose, found in fruits or certain vegetables and honey. Especially in sweetened products and calory-reduced foods, the amount of monosaccharides is high because the sweetness of fruits is stronger than glucose or sucrose.
Polyols are sugar alcohols, which can be found in diet products and other sugar-free products. Examples for this type are sorbitol or maltose.
Technically, all of these carbohydrates should be processed in the small intestine. Nevertheless, the small intestine is not able to consume all types of carbohydrates and offer them to the body.
The reasons are different. Some people do not have the necessary transport molecules, other fail to have enzymes.
The mechanism is the same for every affected person: instead of the small intestine, the colon processes the bacteria. During the process of fermentation, gases build up which leads to flatulence.
As we are aware of this problem of intolerances, Frusano wants to help you to eat better again. Therefore, we want to explain a low FODMAP diet plan to you!
How to eat a low FODMAP diet
But what can a patient do? A change of the diet is an alternative. The FODMAP concept is based on experiences of patients with lactose intolerance and fructose malabsorption. There is also proof that low FODMAP helps people suffering from an irritable bowel.
A low FODMAP diet is a way of eating in which the patients cut out lactose, fructose, sugar replacements and certain multiple sugars from his or her diet.
However, it is very important to follow certain rules and to keep an eye on the change in eating!
The most important criteria for a successful diet are the exclusion of any type of other organic diseases which could lead to the same symptoms as an intolerance. With intolerance or allergies, it is important to start with a measure, meaning to avoid foods which trigger the symptoms.
Notice that changing the diet rapidly can influence the gut flora. It can even worsen the symptoms in the beginning. Therefore, it is even more important to be attentive in the beginning of the change.
Usually, people suffering from an irritable bowel report a positive effect of the FODMAP diet as well; the same can be observed in people with fructose or lactose intolerance for which cutting out lactose and fructose did not help. Even Morbus Crohn patients profit from a low FODMAP diet. Frusano will support you with your change in your diet!
Eat Low FODMAP with Products from Frusano
All low FODMAP products from Frusano are fructose and lactose free as well as free from sugar replacements and indigestible multiple sugars. Basically, they are free from all groups of nutrients that are known under the intolerance of FODMAP. The products from Frusano are regarding their ingredients even below the FODMAP boundary value! They exceed especially in their freedom of saccharose and fructose the low FODMAP standard.
If you have any further question regarding FODMAP and low FODMAP diets, feel free to contact us any time!
And for now: enjoy our delicious low FODMAP products, like chocolate, jam and more!