Are there different types of fructose intolerance?
Yes - there are two different types of fructose intolerance, namely:
- Fructose Malabsorption, also known as Intestinal Fructose Intolerance or Fruit Sugar Intolerance, and
- Hereditary Fructose Intolerance (HFI)
How can you tell if you have fructose intolerance versus the body’s normal, healthy reaction to too much fructose?
Recent studies have demonstrated a connection between high sugar intake and metabolic disorders in general, independent of the "Fructose Intolerance" disease pattern. According to these studies, responsibility could lie within the fructose built up in table sugar consumption (table sugar consists of half fructose and half glucose). Fructose, as has long been known, is metabolized completely differently than its less-sweet partner molecule, glucose (grape sugar). While the body can utilize the glucose directly as an energy supply, the fructose has to be converted by the liver - and this organ’s capacity is limited.
Fructose intolerance can occur as a result of an overloaded metabolism.
If the liver is consistently exposed to more fructose than it can process, the reaction is similar to that of a reaction to excess alcohol consumption, with far-reaching consequences for the metabolism. Control circuits for insulin release and excess fat storage can occur as result, and can even lead to obesity. The liver itself can react to an extreme overload with a fatty liver up to liver cirrhosis. We wouldn’t go so far as to boldly say that "sugar is poison," as various scientists do. That being said, the human body does not appear to have been designed for today's extremely high fructose intake.
Could it be that between Hereditary Fructose Intolerance (fructose processing capacity of the liver of under 1g/day) and the normal fructose processing capacity of the liver (sources say around 25g/day), there are different individual grades of fructose processing capacity?
Could it be that fructose malabsorption is a healthy response of the body to an excess of fructose - does it refuse the intake so as not to damage itself?
These are questions that scientists, and the product developers at Frusano, continue to evaluate. Read on for more information on the types of fructose intolerance.